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What is Animal Cell? What are the Animal Cell Characteristics?


Organelles are vital in life. It forms the basis of cell structure. In this article, we will consider animal cell organelles and their properties. Let’s take a look at the answer to the question of what are animal cell organelles and their functions.

What is Animal Cell?

Animals cells are necessary for living things to grow, reproduce, and in short, to continue their lives. An animal cell is surrounded by a cell nucleus and membrane. Animal cells contain orgenelles surrounded by membranes. DNA is located inside the cell nucleus.

What are the Animal Cell Characteristics?

The most important feature of animal cells are organelles. These organelles have many other task, such as oxygen transport, removal of waste from cells, production of food sources, protein production and digestion. The animal cell is formed on the cell nucleus, cytoplasm and membrane. But here is the cell wall. Its structure is oval in shape. Unlike plant cells, the vacude is small and its number is quite high.

All animals have cells in innumerable forms. These are the characteristics of animal cells in general. These cells in the body perform their duties and are excreted from the body. Then a new one comes in its place.

Animal Cell Organelles and Their Functions

It has different functions depending on the type of organelles it contains. Some of these produce hormones and enzymes. Some organelles have the task of providing energy.

Organelles that have many functions in the animal cell and their functions are as follow;

Endoplasmic Reticulum: It is a network of endoplasmic reticulum and a membrane found in the cell. It is one of the organelles that has an important role in protein production and carbohydrate metabolism. In addition, the endoplasmic reticulum contains both smooth ER and rough ER. The smooth ER contains the smooth membrane and ribosomes, while the rough ER contains ribosomes to produce proteins.

Mitochondria: Mitochondria are the most important of the organelles. Sugar is responsible for the conversion of respiration and other factors into energy.

Ribosome: Ribosome is an important organelle for cell structure. It provides protein formation. It can attach to the endoplasmic reticulum. They can also float freely in the cell cytoplasm.

Golgi Body: Altough the golgi body is inside the cell, it is a group of membranes that are not attached to the nucleus. It takespart in the midification of proteins and lipids and in the transport of substances out of the cell.

Lysosomes: It ensures the removal of unnecessary substances in the cell.

Perexisomes: It has a role in the digestion of sugar and amino acid compounds.

Cell Membrane: Cell membrane is a membrane that surrounds the animal cell. This membrane has a porous structure. The task of the cell membrane is the regulation of moving objects inside and outside. The plasma membrane is made of a double layer of lipids. Compounds such as proteins and carbohydrates are embedded in the lipid membrane, and cells receive signals and form channels with the membrane.

Nucleus: Plant and animal cells always have a nucleus. The nucleus consists of chromatin, nuclear envelope and nucleus. The nuclear envelope encapsulates the inside of the nucleus and consists of two membranes. It has many pores. This is because substance, come out from the inside.

Centrosome: It produces flamotin and cilia. It also performs cell division.

Villi: Villi increase thearea of the plasma membrane, increasing the rate of material exchange between cells and their environment. It allows materials to be transported into and out of the cell.

Whip: Whiplash movement is of great importance in some animal cells. Sperm cells live for the purpose of egg travel and fertilization. It allows cells to move with their own power.

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