Top 10 World’s most populous countries
According to the statement made by the German Foundation for World Population last month, the current world population is around 7 billion 800 million. This is a record level. In the statement made by the foundation, it was stated that the population increased by an average of 82 million each year and 2.6 babies are born every second. According to the foundation, the most important reason for this increase is unwanted pregnancy.
Well, if you are wondering which is the most populous country in the world while the world population has increased so much, you are in the right place.
The World’s Most Populous Countries
1 China, 1,439,823,456
“Where is the most populous country in the world?” When faced with the question, most of us immediately think of China. With a population of 1,439,823,456 billion, China ranks first on the list of the world’s most populous countries. The most populous city of the country is Shanghai, with a population of 25.28 million, which is one of the most important commercial cities of the Asian continent and also the whole world. Of course, the population of other cities is also quite high. In order to prevent this high population density increase, China has implemented a one-child policy for many years. This policy was stopped by the management when it increased the proportion of the elderly population in the long term and caused a loss in the workforce. Currently among the most populous countries in the world, China has the lowest population growth rate.
2 India, 1,381,125,324
We all know that India is a very populous country. With a population of 1.381 billion, India competes with China for the title of the world’s most populous country. There is an uncontrolled population growth in India. Thousands of babies are born every day in the country and it is estimated that India’s population will exceed China in the coming years if this increase is not controlled. This is a situation that worries the whole world, especially the Indian administration. In the past, the method of compulsory sterilization of men was tried to maintain population control, but this method was abandoned when the public was angry about it. There is currently no formal policy to control the country’s population. In this case, it seems that we can see in the news that the Indian population surpasses China anytime.
3 United States, 331,642,123
The United States of America is the third most populous country in the world with a population of 333.6 million people. This population density is of course directly proportional to America’s 9.834 million square kilometer area. However, there is another very important reason for the population increase in America, which is immigration. Since it is one of the most powerful countries in the world, people from many different nations from all continents migrate to America. Immigrants make up a large portion of the population, approximately 45 million. This number is about 19% of the immigrant population worldwide. Almost all cities in the country receive immigration with the different opportunities they offer, but the city with the highest population density is New York.
4 Indonesia, 274,123,419
Indonesia, the world’s largest island country, is the world’s 4th most populous country with 274 million people. From the 1970s to the 2010s, the population density has increased so much that the population has doubled in 40 years. In fact, the rate of immigration of Indonesia’s population to different countries is high, but despite this, the increase in the country’s population continues. Another striking point about the Indonesian population is that approximately 87% of the population is Muslim. With this rate, Indonesia is also the country with the largest Muslim population in the world.
5 Pakistan, 221,351,380
With a population of 221.3 million, Pakistan ranks 5th in the list of the world’s most populous countries. The most important aspect of Pakistan’s population density for the country is that it has a young average age. The population is so young that the average age is around 22. However, unfortunately, the poverty problem of the country causes difficulties in keeping young people in the country. Many Pakistani young people migrate to different countries to study and do not choose to return to their country. It is very important for the country to recover economically and not to lose its young population. If this economic development takes place and the population continues to grow, Pakistan will rank higher on this list.
6 Brazil, 213,354,274
The population density of Brazil, which is the largest country in the South American continent, is also suited to its area. Rio de Janeiro is the most popular city in the country where 213.3 million people live. I’m sure that many of us think that the capital of Brazil is Rio de Janeiro, but the capital of the country is actually Brasilia. Of course, this city, which is included in the Cultural Heritage List by UNESCO, does not have a popularity in Rio de Janeiro. That’s why the capital is the country’s 3rd most populous city. The most crowded city is Sao Paulo.
7 Nigeria, 206,632,236
Nigeria, the most populous country in the African continent, is ranked 7th in the world with a population of 206 million. Nigeria’s population is very young, as in Pakistan. It is stated that the majority of the population is under the age of 24. There are two important reasons for the young population. The first is that the average life expectancy in the country is low. According to the data of the World Health Organization, the average life expectancy of women in Nigeria is 56 years, while men live up to the age of 53 on average. In addition, in the country, especially malaria; Diseases such as tuberculosis, AIDS, meningitis are common. Another reason for the young population is that Nigerians marry young and have children. Unfortunately, the country cannot develop in direct proportion to the population density, since there is no family arrangement planning in the country.
8 Bangladesh, 165,334,386
With a population of 165.3 million, Bangladesh ranks 8th on the list of the world’s most populous countries. When the population density of Bangladesh is compared to its area, it is seen that it is one of the countries with the highest number of people per square kilometer. As the area of the country is not directly proportional to the population density, poverty is also a very important problem. However, the Bangladesh government is working to reduce the poverty rate by receiving international aid for its economic development policies. It strives to improve maternal and child health, food safety and disease prevention. There is a very successful study on food safety in particular, and now the country can produce enough food for its entire population.
9 Russia, 146,243,276
I think you were surprised to see Russia in the 9th place. Being the largest country in the world in terms of surface area, Russia’s population is 146.2 million. It is natural to expect its population to be more intense, as it constitutes one-eighth of the world’s habitat. Among the reasons for the low population density are the abnormally high death rate and the very low birth rate. The high mortality rate in the country is associated with alcohol. Especially the alcoholicness of the male population increases the mortality rate and causes a low birth rate. Because of men’s predisposition to alcoholism, women worry about bringing children into the world. Also, women in the country have too many abortions. We can even say that they use abortion as a birth control method.
10 Mexico, 129,265,235
With a population of 129.3 million, Mexico is the last country on our list of the world’s most populous countries. With a population of around 13 million in the 1900s, Mexico followed important policies to increase its population over the years. Population density has taken its current form with efforts to reduce newborn mortality, increase the birth rate and extend the average life expectancy. In the country with a young population density, the birth rate is very high and the death rate is very low. The average life expectancy of women in the country is 78 years, and 72 years for men.