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Jupiter: Facts, Moons, Properties, Size

Planet Jupiter

Jupiter is known as the brightest planet in the night sky after the moon and Venus. It stands out as the largest and most magnificent planet in the solar system. So what is Jupiter, what kind of planet is it, what are the properties and effects of Jupiter? Here are the curious things about the planet Jupiter:


Jupiter ranks 5th in the Solar System and is known to be the largest planet. The mass of the planet Jupiter is about 2 times greater than the sum of the masses of all its planets in the Solar System. There are lines and curves outside Jupiter. The cold, windy, ammonia and water vapors seen in the photographs are found in Jupiter’s atmosphere, made up of swirls of hydrogen and helium. Dubbed the “Great Red Spot” on Jupiter, the storm is much larger than Earth. In addition, Jupiter is surrounded by 79 of its moons. The Galileo Moons attract the attention of scientists the most. Galileo moons got their name because they were discovered by Galileo in 1610.

1 Quick Facts

Recorded By:Babylonian astronomers
First Record:7th or 8th Century BC
Surface Temperature:-108°C
Orbit Period:4,332.82 Earth days (11.86 Earth years)
Orbit Distance:778,340,821 km (5.20 AU)
Known Rings:4
Notable Moons:Io, Europa, Ganymede, & Callisto
Known Moons:67
Equatorial Circumference:439,264 km
Polar Diameter:133,709 km
Equatorial Diameter:142,984 km
Mass:1,898,130,000,000,000,000 billion kg (317.83 x Earth)
Jupiter’s properties

2 Jupiter Facts

Jupiter Facts
Jupiter Facts
  • The planet Jupiter is named after the gods in Roman mythology.
  • The largest planet, Jupiter, has a width of 11 earths. Jupiter is so big that 1320 earths could fit inside it.
  • Jupiter has 67 natural moons. With this feature, it is the planet with the most satellites among the 8 planets.
  • Jupiter planet, first time BC It was seen by the Babylonians around the 8th century.
  • Among the 8 planets, it is the planet with the shortest one day; It only takes 9 hours 55 minutes.
  • It takes 11.86 Earth years to go around the sun. So one year of Jupiter is 11.86 years in us.
  • Although not as well known as Saturn or even Uranus, Jupiter has a weak ring system around it. This ring is difficult to see as it is usually made up of dust.
  • Jupiter; It is the fourth brightest object in the Solar System after the Sun, Moon and Venus. It is one of five planets visible to the naked eye from Earth.
  • 8 spacecraft have visited Jupiter so far. These; Pioneer 10 and 11, Voyager 1 and 2, Galileo, Cassini, Ulysses, New Horizons and Juno.
  • Jüpiter’in çok güçlü bir manyetik alanı vardır. Bu, Dünya’da bulunan manyetik alandan yaklaşık 20 kat daha güçlüdür.
  • Jüpiter’in büyüleyici bir özelliği, Güneş’ten aldığından daha fazla enerji yaymasıdır.
  • Jüpiter’in bu kadar renkli olmasının nedeni tam olarak bilinmese de atmosferinde bulunan kükürt ve fosfor bileşiminin buna neden olduğu tahmin ediliyor.

3 Jupiter’s rings

Jupiter’s rings
Jupiters rings

Jupiter’s three rings came as a surprise when NASA’s Voyager 1 spacecraft discovered them around the planet’s equator in 1979. Each are much fainter than Saturn’s rings.

The main ring is flattened. It is about 20 miles (30 km) thick and more than 4,000 miles (6,400 km) wide.

The inner cloud-like ring, called the halo, is about 12,000 miles (20,000 km) thick. The halo is caused by electromagnetic forces that push grains away from the plane of the main ring. This structure extends halfway from the main ring down to the planet’s cloud tops and expands. Both the main ring and halo are composed of small, dark particles of dust.

The third ring, known as the gossamer ring because of its transparency, is actually three rings of microscopic debris from three of Jupiter’s moons, Amalthea, Thebe and Adrastea. It is probably made up of dust particles less than 10 microns in diameter, about the same size of the particles found in cigarette smoke, and extends to an outer edge of about 80,000 miles (129,000 km) from the center of the planet and inward to about 18,600 miles (30,000 km).

4 Jupiter’s moons names

Jupiter’s moons names
Jupiter Moons

IO is Europa, Ganymede and Callisto. Jupiter also has rings. However, like Saturn’s rings, it is composed of dust, not ice, and is paler. So it is a little difficult to see.

5 Jupiter’s size and distance

Jupiter’s size and distance
Jupiters size and distance

Jupiter’s radius is 69,911 km. It is known to be 11 times wider than Earth. So to explain with an example; If Earth were a coin the size of a 10 cent, Jupiter would appear next to it the size of a basketball. Jupiter is 778 million kilometers from the Sun.

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